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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 50-53

Dental sequelae of pediatric maxillofacial trauma


1 Division of Pediatric Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Advocate Children's Hospital, Park Ridge, IL; Division of Pediatric Plastic Surgery, Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh of UPMC, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
2 Division of Pediatric Plastic Surgery, Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh of UPMC, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
3 Division of Pediatric Dentistry, Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh of UPMC, Pittsburgh, PA, USA

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Joseph E Losee
Division Pediatric Plastic Surgery, Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh of UPMC, Children's Hospital Drive, 45th and Penn, Pittsburgh, PA 15201
USA
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jpd.jpd_2_18

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Purpose: Our goal was to explore dental complications in the pediatric population following facial trauma and identify those at risk. Patients and Methods: We queried children with fractures of tooth-supporting regions presenting from 2000 to 2014. Data elements included demographics, treatment method, and dental outcome measures. Results: A total of 117 subjects were identified. The average age at injury was 10.41 years, and average follow-up was 2.9 years. Fractures were grouped as mandibular (62.39%), maxillary (22.22%), or combination (15.39%). Dentition at time of injury was classified as primary (17.95%), mixed (38.46%), or permanent (43.59%). Conservative management was employed in 41.88%, open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) in 49.57%, and closed reduction and external fixation in 8.55%. The majority (67.52%) did not experience any dental trauma or sequela. Dental avulsion (10.26%), subluxation (10.26%), dysgenesis (5.13%), and development of a crossbite (5.13%), openbite (3.42%), and occlusal cant (0.85%) were observed. Avulsion was more likely in subjects requiring ORIF (P < 0.05). Development of an openbite, crossbite, or occlusal cant was more likely in subjects requiring ORIF or with combination fractures (P < 0.05). Conclusions: Fracture severity, treatment method, and dental age are all strong predictors for adverse dental complications. Treating specialists should be cognizant of the increase in risk of complication in these patients.


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