Print this page Email this page Users Online: 674
Home About us Editorial board Search Ahead of print Current issue Archives Submit article Instructions Subscribe Contacts Login 
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 43-49

Evaluation of pediatric oral and maxillofacial biopsies from a Tertiary Hospital in Sub-Saharan Africa


1 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery and Oral Pathology, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria
2 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery and Oral Pathology, Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospital Complex, Ile-Ife, Nigeria
3 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, Faculty of Dentistry, University of the Western Cape, Tygerberg Hospital; Department of Medicine, Division of Dermatology, Faculty of Health Sciences, Groote Schuur Hospital, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Henry Ademola Adeola
Department of Medicine, Division of Dermatology, Faculty of Health Sciences, Groote Schuur Hospital, University of Cape Town, Observatory, 7925 Cape Town
South Africa
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jpd.jpd_1_18

Rights and Permissions

Introduction: Despite the large number of published studies on indications for biopsy during investigation of adult oral and maxillofacial pathologies, there is a dearth of literature focusing on biopsies for pediatric orofacial pathologies (particularly in sub-Saharan Africa). Objectives: Hence, this study analysed data on maxillofacial pediatric lesions from the surgical pathology archives of the Oral Maxillofacial surgery/Oral pathology unit of Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospital, Ile-Ife, Nigeria. Method: Data was collected over a ten year period (2007-2016). Result: From a total of 790 biopsies recorded within the study period, only 105 (13.3%) were found to be pediatric cases. Lesions such as ameloblastoma (24%), benign bone pathologies (25%), hyperplastic reactive lesions (22%) and primary oro-facial malignancies (6%), were found within the 105 pediatric cases. Lesions tended to occur more in the mixed dentition to permanent dentition, than primary dentition age groups. A female preponderance in frequency of lesions was also observed in our study. The commonest non-odontogenic tumor was found to be fi brous dysplasia, while pyogenic granuloma was the most prevalent hyperplastic reactive lesions. Lymphangioma and Heck's disease were the commonest soft tissue tumours, and mucous extravasation phenomenon was equally the most frequent salivary gland lesion. Malignancies were found to be rare in pediatric age groups. Overall, we compared our findings to previously published literature on pediatric biopsies. Conclusion: We are hopeful that the knowledge provided in this study, may assist general dental practitioners, oral pathologists, and pediatric dentists in sub-Saharan Africa in making precise diagnostic and management decisions.


[FULL TEXT] [PDF]*
Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)
 

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed687    
    Printed68    
    Emailed0    
    PDF Downloaded140    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal